Black Oak

QUERCUS VELUTINA – Black Oak

The Black Oak tree is a tall growing deciduous shade tree that can be found in the Eastern United States. 


[Elementary School students]

Did you know?

What food does the Black Oak tree produce?

The Black Oak tree grows acorns, which are an important food source for wildlife, such as deer, squirrels, small rodents, turkeys, grouse, jays and other birds.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d458

Can the wood from the tree be used for building?

The wood from Black Oak trees is used for flooring in homes, building (train) boxcars and in making barrels (cooperage).

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=QUVE

What animals like this tree?

Birds, butterflies  and hummingbirds like this tree as a food source.

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=QUVE

Are the acorns edible?

Acorns (nuts) are edible after tannins are leached or boiled out of them.

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=QUVE

Leaf

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39


[Middle School students]

Habitat (where it likes to live)

Well drained soils in full sun

Location: Eastern North America  (Zone 3 to 9)

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39

Requirements (what it needs to live)

Water: Dry to medium
Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Residential properties

Identification (what it looks like)

One of the first trees to send out flowers in the spring
Gray bark on younger trees and darker gray with furrows when older
Twigs – Have a smell


[High School students]

Habit (how it grows)

Height: 50 to 60 feet
Spread: 50 to 60 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Yellow to green
Fruit: Acorns
Sun: Full sun
Tolerate: Dry conditions

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d458

Tree

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39

Tree buds

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39

Acorns

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39

Bark

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39

Suggested Use (where to plant it):

Street Tree – To provide shade for sidewalks and along the road
Residential – Long lived shade tree
Parks – Seth Hand Park


References:

  1. Missouri Botanic Garden – http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d458
  2. VA Tech – http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=39
  3. Wildflower Center - https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=QUVE
Do you like this page?