Flowering Dogwood

CORNUS FLORIDA – Flowering Dogwood

The Flowering Dogwood tree is a deciduous ornamental tree and is native to the eastern half of the United States


[Elementary School students]

Did you know?

What part of the tree is poisonous?
The fruit of the tree is poisonous to humans.

http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/

What part of the trees is used to make dyes?

The root of the tree is used to make dyes for coloring clothing.

http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/

What part of the dogwood tree helps to “tell time”

Native Americans planted corn when the flowers were in bloom.

http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/

Who likes to feed on Dogwood trees?

Songbirds, game birds, skunks, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, foxes, deer and bears all like to use Dogwoods for food.

http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/

What states in the U.S. use the tree as a symbol?

It is the state tree of Virginia and state flower of North Carolina.

http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/

What parts of the tree can be used for medical purposes?

Almost all parts of dogwood trees can be used for medicinal purposes: the bark, roots, berries, twigs, leaves and flowers. Other ailments that have been treated with dogwood include insomnia, asthma, fevers, muscular problems, whooping cough and toothache.

http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/

Leaf:

https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/WhiteFloweringDogwood.htm


[Middle School students]

Habitat (where it likes to live)

Well drained soils in full sun and partial shade.
As an understory tree (beneath taller growing shade trees)
Location: Eastern and central North America  (Zone 5 to 9)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornus_florida

Requirements (what it needs to live)

Water: Medium to wet
Maintenance: Medium

Identification (what it looks like)

One of the first trees to send out flowers in the spring
Good fall color
Deer resistant
Food source for animals


[High School students]

Habit (how it grows)

Height: 15 to 30 feet
Spread: 15 to 30 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: White (bracts)
Leaf:  Good fall color
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Tolerate: Wet Soil, Air Pollution

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c280

Leaf (Bract)

https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/WhiteFloweringDogwood.htm

Fruit

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/cornus-florida/

Flower

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornus_florida

Tree

https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/WhiteFloweringDogwood.htm

Suggested Use (where to plant it in the garden and landscape): (3 – Missouri Botanic)

Residential – People’s yards
Wooded areas – A good ‘understory’ tree
Parks – Seth Hand Park


References:

  1. Fun Facts - http://facts.net/dogwood-tree/nggallery/image/dogwood-tree-facts-1/
  2. Missouri Botanic Garden - http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c280
  3. NC State - https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/all/cornus-florida/
  4. Fast Growing Trees - https://www.fast-growing-trees.com/WhiteFloweringDogwood.htm
  5. Wkipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornus_florida
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