Shagbark Hickory

CARYA OVATA - Shagbark Hickory

The Shagbark Hickory trees are found in the Eastern United States and can live up to 300 years and grow to 100 feet tall  


[Elementary School students]

Did you know?

This tree likes to stay in one place

Shagbark Hickory trees have a tap (long, deep) root and do not like to be moved (transplanted).

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a854

This tree is used in cooking

The wood from Shagbark Hickory trees is used to cure (smoke) meats.

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a854

A US President was nicknamed after this tree

Andrew Jackson, nicknames “Old Hickory”, (7th US President) was compared to the strong hard wood of a Hickory Tree

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a854

Who likes to eat the fruit of this tree?

The fruit is a nut with a hard outer husk that splits open when ripe. Black bears, foxes, mice, chipmunks, squirrels, rabbits, and a number of birds enjoy the delicious nuts every fall.

https://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Wildlife-Library/Plants/Shagbark-Hickory.aspx

How long can this tree live?

The lifespan of a full grown tree can average 200 years of age but some live to over 300 years old

https://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Wildlife-Library/Plants/Shagbark-Hickory.aspx

Leaf: Green Summer

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a854


[Middle School students]

Habitat (where it likes to live)

Well drained soils in full sun and also in wet soils
Location: Eastern United States  (Zone 5 to 8a)

http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/carovaa.pdf

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=20

Requirements (what it needs to live)

Water: Medium to wet
Tolerates: Various soils
Maintenance: Medium

Identification (what it looks like)

Male trees have long stringy catkins
Female trees have an edible nut
Young trees have smooth gray bark
Older trees have peeling shaggy bark

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a854


[High School students]

Habit (how it grows)

Height: 70 to 90 feet
Spread: 50 to 70 feet
Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Greenish - Yellow
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Leaf: Good fall color – yellow
Fruit: Showy, edible nuts

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a854

https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/carya/ovata/

https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/carya/ovata/

https://www.nwf.org/~/media/Content/Plants%20and%20Fungi/Deciduous%20Trees%20and%20Shrubs/219x219/Shagbark-Hickory_Ann-Fisher-Flickr_219x219.ashx

Suggested Use (where to plant it in the garden and landscape):

Residential settings – Large yards and estates
Parks – Seth Hand Park


References:

  1. Missouri Botanic Garden – missouribotanicgarden.org
  2. National Wildlife Foundation - https://www.nwf.org
  3. Go Botany - https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org
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