Sugar Maple

ACER SACCHARUM - Sugar Maple

The Sugar Maple tree is a deciduous shade tree that is found in Eastern North America. 


[Elementary School students]

Did you know?

What is the sap of the tree used for?

Sugar Maple is used to produce maple syrup. The sap collected from the trees in late winter is boiled to produce a thick syrup. 

http://www.uky.edu/hort/Sugar-Maple

How much syrup can one tree produce?

Each tree yields between 5 and 60 gallons of sap per year; about 32 gallons of sap make 1 gallon of syrup or 4 1/2 pounds of sugar.

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ACSA3

Who taught the colonists to use the sap from Sugar Maple trees?

Maple sugar was the only sweetener used by Native Americans of the Northeast, and they used it to make a sauce for many of their foods. When colonists settled in the Northeast, Native Americans bartered with their "bark sugar," which has maple sugar stored in bark boxes.

http://www.uky.edu/hort/Sugar-Maple

What country uses the leaf of the Sugar Maple tree as its national symbol?

The sugar maple leaf is the national symbol of Canada http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=d363

Leaf:

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwj8ta3Wp-3SAhXCQiYKHVc9Br8QjB0IBg&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bowerandbranch.com%2Ft%2F15%2Fgreen-mountain-sugar-maple%2F&bvm=bv.150475504,d.eWE&psig=AFQjCNF8gEDsmgcbtQ5lNLDDuXT64v_IDw&ust=1490381978448399


[Middle School students]

Habitat (where it likes to live)

Well drained soils in full sun
Location: Eastern and central North America  (Zone 3 to 8)

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=2

Requirements (what it needs to live)

Water: Medium to wet
Maintenance: Low

Identification (what it looks like)

Good shade tree
Brilliant red, yellow and orange fall color


[High School students]

Habit (how it grows)

Height: 40 to 80 feet
Spread: 30 to 60 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Greenish 
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Tolerate: Heavy shade

http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=h240

Tree trunk

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=2

Seed pods (Samaras)

http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=2

Fall color

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ACSA3

Suggested Use (where to plant it in the garden and landscape): (3 – Missouri Botanic)

Street Tree – To provide shade for sidewalks and along the road
Residential – Good shade tree for yards and patios
Parks – Seth Hand Park


References:

  1. Google - https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwj8ta3Wp-3SAhXCQiYKHVc9Br8QjB0IBg&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bowerandbranch.com%2Ft%2F15%2Fgreen-mountain-sugar-maple%2F&bvm=bv.150475504,d.eWE&psig=AFQjCNF8gEDsmgcbtQ5lNLDDuXT64v_IDw&ust=1490381978448399
  2. VA Tech - http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=2
  3. Wildflower Center - https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ACSA3
  4. Missouri Botanic Garden - http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=h240

 

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